SUGAR

Some admit that they can not survive without sugar, while others consider it so harmful that they try to completely exclude it from their menu. The truth is as always somewhere in the middle: we need sugar, yet its excess can cause health problems. And what problems exactly can it cause? Let’s take a closer look at the most common myths about sugar and sweets.

SOME SUGAR VARIETIES ARE MORE USEFUL THAN THE OTHERS

NO. Labels on the supermarkets’ shelves of are full of names. Besides the usual white sugar, you can buy brown sugar, and even of different varieties. Healthy lifestyles supporters are ready to choose the “healthier” brown variety, but are they right?

In fact, both white and brown sugar contain approximately the same number of calories, and the addition of brown molasses (molasses) to brown sugar increases its nutrient content very insignificantly.

SUGAR IS ADDICTIVE LIKE A DRUG

NO. Many of us find it hard to give up sugar – sweet tea, chocolate with a cup of coffee or cookies for a mid-morning snack. How to live without these little joys? However, researchers assure that no data was received so far that sugar is capable of causing addiction.

Studies in this area have indeed been carried out and the results of one of them indicate that an increased need for sugar is associated with the same area of the brain that is involved in the process of drug dependence forming. French researchers, who held this experiment, concluded that the dependence on sugar is stronger than that to cocaine.

Critics do not agree with this conclusion. They drew attention to the conditions of the experiment, which was held on mice:

During the experiment, animals were allowed to eat sugar only for a certain, rather short, period of time, which provoked the development of their behavior, characteristic of drug dependence.

When the animals were allowed to eat anything and anytime, this behavior was not observed.

EATING LOTS OF SUGAR AND SWEETS CAN CAUSE DIABETES

NO. The emergence of type 1 diabetes is not related to the consumption of sweets.It is an autoimmune disease:

  • the body’s own antibodies begin to destroy the beta-cells of the pancreas, responsible for the insulin production.The causes of this diabetes type are still unclear, yet the amount of sugar consumed does not affect it.

As for the insulin-independent form of diabetes, type 2 diabetes, the consumption of sweets can affect its occurrence only indirectly. Excess sugar can promote weight gain and, accordingly, increase the risk of type 2 diabetes, in which insulin is still produced, yet does not fulfill its functions.

SUGAR SUBSTITUTES ARE MORE USEFUL THAN SUGAR

NO. Many studies show that sugar substitutes are not harmless at all.They can:

  • promote weight gain,
  • increase the risk of type 2 diabetes,
  • cause cardiovascular diseases.

A popular sweetener aspartame is associated with an increased risk of developing cancer. In addition, the consumption of dietary soda, whose sweet taste comes from artificial sugar substitutes, increases the likelihood of stroke and dementia.

SUGAR SHOULD BE EXCLUDED FROM THE MENU FOR GOOD

NO. It is obvious that excessive sugar consumption can lead to serious health problems, and just sugar is not enough to provide the entire body with the necessary vitamins and trace elements.

However, we should not consider sugar an absolute evil. Keep in mind that it is a carbohydrate, and carbohydrates are a source of energy for our body. In addition, it is not that simple to exclude sugar from the menu. While removing added sugar is quite possible, it is a lot more difficult to give up fruit for good.

The right choice is a balanced diet, which contains proteins, fats, and carbohydrates. This will help you avoid obesity and reduce the risk of many diseases.